B.A., with honors, University of Chicago, economics, 1974
M.A., University of Chicago, 1974, economics
Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1976, economics
1998 - present
Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
Visiting Professor, Helsinki School of Economics
Visiting Professor, Department of Economics, University of Southern California
Visiting Professor, Department of Economics, Brown University
Visiting Professor, Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago
Visiting Senior Research Fellow, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
1989 - 1990
Olin Faculty Research Fellow, Yale Law School
Outside Professional Affiliation
2005 - present
Senior Fellow, Networks Financial Institute
1985 - 1998
Senior Lecturer, Department of Economics, Bar Ilan University
1983 - 1985
Lecturer, Department of Economics, Bar Ilan University
1979 - 1983
Lecturer, Department of Agricultural Economics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
1976 - 1979
Acting Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, University of California, Los Angles
1976 - 1980
RAND Corporation, Population Studies Project and Energy Project
Evolution of trust and cooperation, economic growth and conflict (internal and external), public economics, applied game theory, defense economics.
Fluent in English and Hebrew
Awards and Honors
International Fellowship, Institute for Policy Studies, Johns Hopkins University
H.J. Heidekker Prize for Research in Applied Economics, University of Haifa
Phi Beta Kappa
Publications and Reports
Ph.D. Dissertation: "The Demand for Publicly Financed Agricultural Research: An Application of a Theory of Collective Action," University of Chicago, August, 1976. Advisory committee: D. Gale Johnson (chairman), T.W. Schultz, Sam Peltzman, George Stigler
"Avoiding Specification Errors in Estimating the Value of Time," Transportation (1975) 19 42.
"Implicit Assumptions and Choices among Estimates of the Value of Time," Transportation Research Record, No. 534 (1975), 63-68.
"Understanding Collective Action: Matching Behavior," American Economic Association (Papers and Proceedings), 68 (May 1978) 251-255.
"Interest Groups and the Demand for Agricultural Research," Journal of Political Economy, 86 (June 1978) 467 484.
"Uncertainty, the Value of Time, and Transport Policy," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 13 (May 1979) 225 29.
"Villages as Interest Groups: The Demand for Agricultural Extension Services in India," Kyklos 33 (1980) 122 41.
"The Economics of Tenant Rights in Nineteenth Century Irish Agriculture," Economic Inquiry, 18 (July 1980) 408 424. Reprinted in Svetozar Pejovich, ed., The Economics of Property Rights, Volume 2: Property Rights and Economic Performance. Elgar Reference Collection. International Library of Critical Writings in Economics, vol. 129. Cheltenham, U.K. and Northampton, Mass.: Elgar, pp. 520-36.
"The Political Economy of Agricultural Extension Services in India," in Public Choice and Rural Development, eds. C.S. Russell and N.K. Nicholson (Washington D.C.: Resources for the Future, 1981).
"Common Property Externalities: Isolation, Assurance, and Resource Depletion in a Traditional Grazing Context: Comment," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 64 (November 1982) 781 782.
"Can Political Entrepreneurs Solve the Free Rider Problem?" Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 3 (1982) 357 366
"Endogenous Conjectural Variations in Oligopoly," (with Michael Miller) Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 4 (1983) 249 264.
"Collective Action and the Supply of Campaign Contributions," European Journal of Political Economy, 1 (1985) 221 241.
"Cooperation and Part Time Farming in the Israeli Moshav," (with Nava Haruvi) American Journal of Agricultural Economics 68 (Feb. 1986) 77 87.
"Cooperation, Part Time Work, Capital, and Output in Moshavim," (with Nava Haruvi) (Hebrew) Israel Economic Quarterly 36 (1986) 602 615.
"Matching Behavior and Collective Action: Some Experimental Evidence," Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 7 (1986) 171 98.
"Uncertainty, Continuous Modal Split, and the Value of Travel Time in Israel," (with Eli Menashe) Journal of Transport Economics and Policy 20 (September 1986) 369 75.
"A Non Cournot Model of Voluntary Collective Action," Economica 54 (Feb.1987) 1 19.
"Strategic Work Interactions and the Kibbutz Kolkhoz Paradox," (with A. Schnytzer) Economic Journal 99 (September 1989), 686 99.
"Dynamic Optimization of Political Popularity in an Empirical Macroeconomic Model," (with Y. Shachmurove) Public Choice 66 (1990) 51 66. Hebrew version appeared in Investigations in the Israeli Economy 1988
"Voluntary Collective Action," in Markets and Politicians: Politicized Economic Choice, ed. A.L. Hillman (Boston, Dordrecht, and London: Kluwer, 1991).
"A Solution of the Externality Problem Using Strategic Matching," (with A. Schnytzer) Social Choice and Welfare 8 (1992) 73 88.
"Rent Seeking and Social Investment in Taste Change," (with S. Nitzan and U. Spiegel) Economics and Politics 4 (March, 1992) 31 42.
"The Credibility Game: Reputation and Rational Cooperation in a Changing Population," Journal of Comparative Economics 16 (December, 1992) 619-632.
"Voting as Investment vs. Voting as Consumption: New Evidence," (with N. Hilger and Y. Schachmurove) Kyklos 47 (May, 1994) 197-207.
"Rational Actors, Tit-for-Tat Types, and the Evolution of Cooperation," Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 29 (1996) 27-56.
"The Explanatory Power of Game Theory in International Politics: Syrian-Israeli Crisis Interactions, 1951-87," Economics and Politics, 9 (March, 1997) 71-85.
"Unanimity and Majority Rule: A Reconsideration of the Calculus of Consent," European Journal of Political Economy, 14 (1998) 189-207
"On the Evolutionary Stability of Preferences for Reciprocity," European Journal of Political Economy, 16 (2000) 31-50
"Self-Enforcing Reciprocity Norms and Intergenerational Transfers: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Public Economics 81 (2001) 117-51.
"Families, Markets, and Self-Enforcing Reciprocity Norms," Annales d' Economie et de Statistique, 63-64 (2001) 89-110.
"Repeated Interaction and the Evolution of Preferences for Reciprocity," Economic Journal, 113 (July, 2003), 631-56.
"On the Expansion of the Market and the Decline of the Family," (with N. Yacouel) Review of the Economics of the Household, 5 (March, 2007), 1-13.
"Assortative Matching, Adverse Selection, and Group Lending," Journal of Development Economics, 87 (2008), 51-56.
“On Revolt and Endogenous Economic Policy in Autocratic Regimes,” (with Rafael Reuveny) Public Choice, forthcoming. DOI: 10.1007/s11127-012-0012-3
“On the Evolution of Conditional Cooperation,” European Journal of Political Economy , 30 (2013) 15–34.
American Economic Review
Journal of Political Economy
Quarterly Journal of Economics
Journal of Law and Economics
Economica, American Journal of Agricultural Economics
Journal of Comparative Economics
Journal of Development Economics
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Journal of Public Economics
Journal of Public Economic Theory
Economics and Politics
European Journal of Political Economy
International Review of Economics and Finance
International Journal of Business and Economics
Rationality and Society
Zeitschrift fur Nationalokonomie
GIF (German-Israel Scientific Foundation)
Israel Science Foundation
Political Economy, Public Economics, Economic Growth, Microfinance, Economics of Conflict, Social Norms, Endogenous Preferences, Evolution of Cooperation